This Financial Planner was prepared by Atikha Overseas Workers and Communities Initiative. Technical guidance and comments were provided by the ILO. This planner was developed upon the initiative and support of the ILO ASEAN TRIANGLE Project: Tripartite Action for the Protection and Promotion of the Rights of Migrant Workers through the funding of the Canadian Government. It is supplemented by a Financial Education Course for ASEAN Migrant Workers: Guide for Trainers
The Financial Education Course for ASEAN Migrant Workers is designed to be conducted with migrants from the ASEAN region working in Malaysia, Singapore and Thailand. The course is targeted at low-skilled and semi-skilled migrant workers. It is designed to be conducted in 20 hours. It is supplemented by a Financial Planner for ASEAN migrant workers.
This Issue Brief, one in a series by MPI and the International Organization for Migration, looks at the trends and patterns in female labor migration in the Asia-Pacific region as well as the key policy challenges relating to female migration that governments in the region face. It also examines the significant financial and social impacts of female migrant workers and recommends best practices for policymakers looking to capitalize on these gains while supporting the rights and welfare of migrant women and their families.
Summary Report of the Interregional Experts’ Meeting, 3-4 December 2014, Kathmandu, Nepal
Background Paper for discussion at ILO interregional experts’ meeting, 3-4 December 2014, Kathmandu, Nepal
Pirates and Slaves: How overfishing in Thailand fuels human trafficking and the plundering of our oceans
In the US Department of State’s 2014 Trafficking in Persons (TIP) report, Thailand was downgraded to Tier 3, the lowest possible ranking, for its failure to address human trafficking – placing it alongside countries such as North Korea and Saudi Arabia. Behind this human tragedy lies an environmental catastrophe. The EJF report explores the interrelationship between overfishing, slavery and pirate fishing in Thailand to highlight how international demand for cheap seafood is perpetuating a brutal trade in vulnerable humans and the collapse of entire marine ecosystems.
The glossary is the result of a year-long project supported by the Open Society Foundations. United Nations Alliance of Civilizations (UNAOC) and Panos Europe Institute reached out to a scientific committee composed of eight international and civil society organisations working in the field of migration to draft the first version of this glossary: IDMC, IFRC, ILO, IOM, OHCHR, PICUM, TdH and UNHCR. The definitions provided by these ogranisations were subsequently reviewed by an editorial committee of media professionals, specialised in migration, working at The Globe and Mail, The Guardian, University of Columbia and the Sydney Morning Herald. The glossary was first presented in Bali (Indonesia), during the 6th Global Forum of the UNAOC.
Speaking of Migration: Mekong Vocabulary on Migration contains 117 definitions translated into the six GMS languages (Burmese, Cambodian, Chinese, Laotian, Thai and Vietnamese).
Health of men, women, and children in post-trafficking services in Cambodia, Thailand, and Vietnam: an observational cross-sectional study
Trafficking is a crime of global proportions involving extreme forms of exploitation and abuse. Yet little research has been done of the health risks and morbidity patterns for men, women, and children trafficked for various forms of forced labour.
The Professor H.A. de S. Gunasekera, Memorial Oration 2014, University of Peradeniya (Sri Lanka), 18 September 2014
This report provides an analysis of safe migration knowledge, attitudes and practices among potential migrants in Myanmar and identifies key areas of work to increase the protection of their rights. Migrant workers make a critical contribution to Myanmar’s economic and social development, however, decades of isolation from the international community and gaps in the policy framework governing labour migration have meant that their situation at places of origin is still inadequately understood. To obtain further information about safe migration knowledge, attitudes and practices, the ILO’s GMS TRIANGLE project partnered with the Myanmar Development Resource Institute’s Centre for Economic and Social Development to conduct a survey of 625 potential migrant workers at three target sites within Myanmar. The pioneering study will be used to shape the design and evaluate the impact of policy measures, capacity building trainings and support services to protect the rights of migrant workers throughout the migration process.
The Vulnerability Report: Human Trafficking in the Greater Mekong Sub-region A study of migration-related knowledge and behaviours to inform World Vision’s ‘End Trafficking in Persons’ Program.
A new report from Thailand’s UN Thematic Working Group on Migration, comprised of UN agencies and chaired by IOM, notes significant achievements in migration management, but warns that key aspects of Thai migration policy still require attention. Up to four million migrants live in Thailand, the vast majority from the neighbouring countries of Myanmar, Cambodia and the Lao People’s Democratic Republic. Some 3.25 million have come to Thailand to work, 127,000 are displaced persons, and the remainder consist largely of students and retirees from other countries. The Thailand Migration Report 2014 applauds advances such as the provision of free primary education, the enrolment of migrant workers in Thailand’s Social Security Fund and better access to healthcare. While the report notes that progress has been made, it also highlights that “bilateral agreements and regularization regimes enacted have yet to wholly fulfil their objectives of instituting a safe and lawful labour migration process.” The report highlights priority areas identified by UN agencies, including the relationships between migration and social protection, reproductive health, HIV, mobility within ASEAN, children and education, the status of domestic workers and complaint mechanisms for migrant workers. The report identifies changing migration patterns and linkages to migration policy. “Developing a comprehensive policy concerning international migration would help the Royal Thai Government to continue the progress achieved over the past few years, while addressing the drawbacks,” said Jeffrey Labovitz, IOM’s Chief of Mission in Thailand.
ILO ASEAN TRIANGLE Project (ATP), Issue 4, February 2015. Funded by the Canadian Department of Foreign Affairs, Trade and Development (DFATD), the Tripartite Action for the Protection and Promotion of the Rights of Migrant Workers in the ASEAN Region (ASEAN TRIANGLE Project: ATP) is a five-year project that aims to promote and protect the rights of migrant workers. ATP works closely with ASEAN member states, ASEAN Secretariat, ASEAN Trade Union Council (ATUC), and ASEAN Confederation of Employers (AEC). The project promotes both bilateral and regional and tripartite approaches by engaging workers, employers and governments to make regionalism more effective and support the capacity building of institutions in ASEAN. The main outcomes and activities of the ATP can be found here.
There has been increased emphasis on the linkages between international migration and development at international, regional and national levels in the past two decades. This recognition of migration as a developmental tool has generated calls for mainstreaming migration in development with some origin countries making specific attempts at incorporating migration concerns into their development agendas. Yet this approach is being promoted in a context where there is still inadequate understanding of the precise linkages between migration and development. The paper reviews the situation in South Asia with respect to mainstreaming arguments. It first reviews the analytical issues involved in mainstreaming including definitions and mechanisms proposed. Next the main linkages identified between migration and development – remittances, return migration and diasporas – are discussed in relation to country experiences in South Asia. Some contradictions in the mainstreaming discourse are highlighted followed by some conclusions and policy implications.
For the majority of the 20th century, the Republic of Korea was a country of net emigration, but it has entered the 21st century as a clear country of destination, in particular for workers from other Asian countries, who come to work mainly in small-and-medium sized enterprises and in agriculture. The Employment Permit System (EPS) is an example of a non-seasonal temporary labour migration programme that operates through bilateral government-to-government memoranda of understanding (MOU). This paper provides some background to the creation of the EPS, gives an overview of its functioning, and assesses its strengths and weaknesses in terms of migration governance and the protection of migrant workers. The paper is based mainly on existing desk-research as well as interviews with stakeholder representatives.
This report summarizes major policy and practical issues discussed by international and Asian experts at the Fourth Roundtable on Labor Migration: Building Human Capital across Borders. The event was co-organized by the Asian Development Bank Institute (ADBI), the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), and the International Labour Organization (ILO) in Tokyo from 27 to 28 January 2014. Drawing on the most recent data, the report outlines the trends in labor migration within Asia and between Asia and other—particularly OECD—countries. It also reviews the links between migration and human capital development and includes an overview of national initiatives and bilateral agreements on this issue. A review of the evidence on the impact of migration on family members "left behind" focuses on the health and education of children in households with a missing, migrant parent. Two statistical annexes provide the latest data on international migration flows within and from Asia, tracking the trends of labor migration in the region.
Thai agricultural workers in Israel face serious labor rights abuses because Israeli authorities are failing to enforce their own laws, Human Rights Watch said in a report released today. Israeli authorities should take immediate steps to improve its enforcement mechanisms and investigate whether unsatisfactory living and working conditions have contributed to a troubling pattern of deaths among migrant workers from Thailand.
This report provides the findings of an analysis of the legal framework and the complaint mechanisms for workers with grievances to seek redress - and puts forward recommendations for strengthening the system.