The Professor H.A. de S. Gunasekera, Memorial Oration 2014, University of Peradeniya (Sri Lanka), 18 September 2014
This report provides an analysis of safe migration knowledge, attitudes and practices among potential migrants in Myanmar and identifies key areas of work to increase the protection of their rights. Migrant workers make a critical contribution to Myanmar’s economic and social development, however, decades of isolation from the international community and gaps in the policy framework governing labour migration have meant that their situation at places of origin is still inadequately understood. To obtain further information about safe migration knowledge, attitudes and practices, the ILO’s GMS TRIANGLE project partnered with the Myanmar Development Resource Institute’s Centre for Economic and Social Development to conduct a survey of 625 potential migrant workers at three target sites within Myanmar. The pioneering study will be used to shape the design and evaluate the impact of policy measures, capacity building trainings and support services to protect the rights of migrant workers throughout the migration process.
The Vulnerability Report: Human Trafficking in the Greater Mekong Sub-region A study of migration-related knowledge and behaviours to inform World Vision’s ‘End Trafficking in Persons’ Program.
A new report from Thailand’s UN Thematic Working Group on Migration, comprised of UN agencies and chaired by IOM, notes significant achievements in migration management, but warns that key aspects of Thai migration policy still require attention. Up to four million migrants live in Thailand, the vast majority from the neighbouring countries of Myanmar, Cambodia and the Lao People’s Democratic Republic. Some 3.25 million have come to Thailand to work, 127,000 are displaced persons, and the remainder consist largely of students and retirees from other countries. The Thailand Migration Report 2014 applauds advances such as the provision of free primary education, the enrolment of migrant workers in Thailand’s Social Security Fund and better access to healthcare. While the report notes that progress has been made, it also highlights that “bilateral agreements and regularization regimes enacted have yet to wholly fulfil their objectives of instituting a safe and lawful labour migration process.” The report highlights priority areas identified by UN agencies, including the relationships between migration and social protection, reproductive health, HIV, mobility within ASEAN, children and education, the status of domestic workers and complaint mechanisms for migrant workers. The report identifies changing migration patterns and linkages to migration policy. “Developing a comprehensive policy concerning international migration would help the Royal Thai Government to continue the progress achieved over the past few years, while addressing the drawbacks,” said Jeffrey Labovitz, IOM’s Chief of Mission in Thailand.
ILO ASEAN TRIANGLE Project (ATP), Issue 4, February 2015. Funded by the Canadian Department of Foreign Affairs, Trade and Development (DFATD), the Tripartite Action for the Protection and Promotion of the Rights of Migrant Workers in the ASEAN Region (ASEAN TRIANGLE Project: ATP) is a five-year project that aims to promote and protect the rights of migrant workers. ATP works closely with ASEAN member states, ASEAN Secretariat, ASEAN Trade Union Council (ATUC), and ASEAN Confederation of Employers (AEC). The project promotes both bilateral and regional and tripartite approaches by engaging workers, employers and governments to make regionalism more effective and support the capacity building of institutions in ASEAN. The main outcomes and activities of the ATP can be found here.
There has been increased emphasis on the linkages between international migration and development at international, regional and national levels in the past two decades. This recognition of migration as a developmental tool has generated calls for mainstreaming migration in development with some origin countries making specific attempts at incorporating migration concerns into their development agendas. Yet this approach is being promoted in a context where there is still inadequate understanding of the precise linkages between migration and development. The paper reviews the situation in South Asia with respect to mainstreaming arguments. It first reviews the analytical issues involved in mainstreaming including definitions and mechanisms proposed. Next the main linkages identified between migration and development – remittances, return migration and diasporas – are discussed in relation to country experiences in South Asia. Some contradictions in the mainstreaming discourse are highlighted followed by some conclusions and policy implications.
This report summarizes major policy and practical issues discussed by international and Asian experts at the Fourth Roundtable on Labor Migration: Building Human Capital across Borders. The event was co-organized by the Asian Development Bank Institute (ADBI), the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), and the International Labour Organization (ILO) in Tokyo from 27 to 28 January 2014. Drawing on the most recent data, the report outlines the trends in labor migration within Asia and between Asia and other—particularly OECD—countries. It also reviews the links between migration and human capital development and includes an overview of national initiatives and bilateral agreements on this issue. A review of the evidence on the impact of migration on family members "left behind" focuses on the health and education of children in households with a missing, migrant parent. Two statistical annexes provide the latest data on international migration flows within and from Asia, tracking the trends of labor migration in the region.
Thai agricultural workers in Israel face serious labor rights abuses because Israeli authorities are failing to enforce their own laws, Human Rights Watch said in a report released today. Israeli authorities should take immediate steps to improve its enforcement mechanisms and investigate whether unsatisfactory living and working conditions have contributed to a troubling pattern of deaths among migrant workers from Thailand.
This report provides the findings of an analysis of the legal framework and the complaint mechanisms for workers with grievances to seek redress - and puts forward recommendations for strengthening the system.
A primer on ILO CONVENTION No. 189 (Domestic Workers Convention) & RA 10361 Domestic Workers Act (Batas Kasambahay)
Often performed by family members, particularly women, domestic work is neither recognized as a formal component of the economy nor properly compensated. When done by hired labour, it is often not included in the labour laws of the country. Therefore, domestic workers do not enjoy the full protection of labour laws and they are often underpaid and asked to work extra time. In order to better inform domestic workers of their rights, the Philippine Migrants Rights Watch (PMRW), with the support of the International Labour Organization’s ASEAN TRIANGLE project, has developed this educational booklet on Convention 189 on Decent Work for Domestic Workers and RA 10361 otherwise known as Batas Kasambahay or Domestic Workers Law.
This Referral Directory 2014 is an important tool for national & regional social workers, border authorities, and community-based service providers working with Cambodian migrants & trafficked persons and aims to assist these stakeholders to make appropriate and effective referrals for their clients.
This Thematic Report by the Global Migration Group (GMG) offers a comprehensive overview of the many facets of youth migration, from contexts of rural marginalization and environmental degradation where many young migrants begin their journey to the challenges they face in countries of destination, such as realising their rights, accessing decent work and social protection. It discusses a range of specific issues, ranging from employment to gender to health, education and participation. The report is intended as an action-oriented contribution to the migration policy debate. In addition to elaborating on perspectives of 12 UN bodies with GMG membership, it also includes chapters prepared by the OECD, scholars, and non-governmental organisations devoted to youth and migration issues. Going beyond a rich and thorough background introduction, chapters include examples of good practices, succinct messages and concrete, forward-thinking policy options for realising the opportunities offered by youth migration.
A ‘Freer’ Flow of Skilled Labour within ASEAN: Aspirations, Opportunities, and Challenges in 2015 and Beyond
This issue in brief, the eleventh in a series by the Migration Policy Institute (MPI) and the International Organization for Migration's Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific, explores ASEAN Member States’ goals versus the challenges they face. It also examines the opportunities the region could stand to lose now and in the future if these challenges remain unmet. While the agreement sounds promising on paper, realities on the ground—including the fact that around 87 percent of intra-ASEAN migrants are low-skilled workers, the prevalence of irregular migration in this region, and the flow imbalances among states—could complicate realization of the AEC's already limited aspirations.
Interregional Expert’s Meeting on Realizing a Fair Migration Agenda: Labour Flows between Asia and the Arab States
A two day Inter-regional Experts Meeting on Realizing a Fair Migration Agenda: Labour Flows between Asia and the Arab States was held on 3-4 December 2014, in Kathmandu Nepal. The meeting was an opportunity for scholars, officials, employers and trade unionists to examine – in an informal setting – the potential for reform and discuss ways forward on a Fair Migration Agenda. Read more about the outcomes of the event and the next steps in the attached document.
This eLearning course on forced labor in the global economy is the first of several tools Verite will provide to fight modern slavery. The course is designed for business and other stakeholders to help them better understand what forced labor is, how to identify it, and what to do to stop it.
This flagship publication on migration analyses recent developments in migration movements and policies in OECD countries and selected non-OECD countries. This edition also contains two special chapters on "The labour market integration of immigrants and their children: developing, activating and using skills" and "Managing labour migration: Smart policies to support economic growth". It also includes Country notes and a Statistical Annex. This special edition is launched at the occasion of the High-level Policy Forum on Migration (Paris, 1-2 December 2014).
The Third Ministerial Consultation of the Abu Dhabi Dialogue, The Kuwait Declaration, Kuwait, 27 November 2014
South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) HEADS OF STATE OR GOVERNMENT, EIGHTEENTH MEETING, Kathmandu, 26-27 November 2014.
Report from Government of Nepal, Ministry of Labour and Employment, Department of Foreign Employment outlining background; laws, policies and structural mechanisms; overview of the status of labour migration in Nepal; and achievements, gaps, challenges and the way forward.