South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) HEADS OF STATE OR GOVERNMENT, EIGHTEENTH MEETING, Kathmandu, 26-27 November 2014.
Report from Government of Nepal, Ministry of Labour and Employment, Department of Foreign Employment outlining background; laws, policies and structural mechanisms; overview of the status of labour migration in Nepal; and achievements, gaps, challenges and the way forward.
Policy brief outlining international standards, regional trends and good practices on migration and children
Policy brief outlining international standards, regional trends and good practices on migration and domestic work
Policy brief outlining international standards, regional trends and good practices on migration and work in fishing.
Policy brief outlining international standards, regional trends and good practices, on migration and HIV and AIDS.
Policy brief outlining international standards, regional trends and good practices, on migration and irregular status and deportation.
The 7th ASEAN Forum on Migrant Labour which carried the theme “Towards the ASEAN Community by 2015 with enhanced measures to protect and promote the rights of migrant workers” was held 20-21 November 2014 in Nay Pyi Taw, Myanmar. Representatives of the governments, employers’ organisations, workers’ organisations, and civil society organisations from ASEAN Member States, the ASEAN Secretariat, International Labour Organization (ILO), International Organization for Migration (IOM), UN Women, ASEAN Confederation of Employers (ACE), ASEAN Trade Union Council (ATUC), ASEAN Services Employees Trade Union Council (ASETUC), and the Task Force for ASEAN Migrant Workers (TFAMW) participated in the Forum. Guided by the relevant international labour standards, the participants agreed to recommend 20 concrete measures to promote and protect the rights and address the specific vulnerabilities of men and women migrant workers in the region particularly in relation to fulfillment of the commitments of ASEAN Member States in Article 8 and 13 of the ASEAN Declaration on the Protection and Promotion of the Rights of Migrant Workers.
Policy brief outlining international standards, regional trends and good practices, on migration and trade unions.
Migration in South-East Asia Policy Brief - Migration and Pregnancy and Reproductive Health and Rights
Policy brief outlining international standards, regional trends and good practices, on migration and pregnancy and sexual and reproductive health and rights.
During the 2014 International Labour Conference (ILC), the Labour Migration Branch of the ILO (MIGRANT) interviewed 17 ILC tripartite delegates for the new “Voices of Labour Migration” interview series. This initiative gives ILO constituents an opportunity to voice their views on fair migration and to share ideas on how their respective organizations, the ILO and the international community can advance the objectives of the ILO’s new Fair Migration Agenda. The complete set of interviews will be launched on the Labour Migration portal page soon. Ministers of Labour, the Special Rapporteur on the Human Rights of Migrants (SRHRM), François Crépeau, the General Secretary of the International Trade Union Confederation (ITUC), Sharan Burrow, and the Secretary-General of the International Organisation of Employers (IOE), Brent Wilton, were among those sharing their views, alongside other tripartite constituents, civil society representatives and academics.
Justice without Borders - Migrant workers who are victims of exploitation and human trafficking in Singapore struggle to bring claims against their abusers. Many cannot stay in the country to seek legal action, and going home almost always means going without compensation. Unscrupulous employers and brokers thus get away with theft or worse, and victims often go home poorer than when they arrived. JWB’s Practitioner’s Manual for Migrant Workers seeks to help those who go home to bring claims against their abusers in Singapore. Gathering the experiences and knowhow of local and international lawyers and advocates in the field, the manual guides legal and non-legal service providers through the process of seeking just compensation in Singapore courts on behalf of exploited migrant workers, including: What legal remedies are available for the most common forms of exploitation? From non-payment of wages to battery and sexual assault, the Practitioner’s Manual describes in detail what can be claimed in Singapore’s courts. How to bring these claims when a victim returns home? Many procedural and logistic hurdles stand between a victim and just compensation. The Practitioner’s Manual maps out these roadblocks and explains what is needed to overcome them. How to find a partner in the client’s home country—or in Singapore? For lawyers and NGO advocates in Singapore, finding a reliable partner in the victim’s home community is vital to keeping in contact and continuing the case in the victim’s absence. The Practitioner’s Manual describes the key organizations and individuals that advocates can reach out to, whether in Indonesia, the Philippines, or elsewhere. For advocates in the victim’s home country, finding a partner in Singapore is vital for helping returnees pursue their claims from abroad.
Issue 1 Newsletter from ILO's Labour Migration Branch
Migration across the globe is growing, in numbers, patterns and complexity. Change in the 21st century happens fast, and issues related to migration and work are keeping page. While striving to remain true to the values of social justice which underpin it's raison d'être, the International Labour Organization's response must also be in keeping with teh changes around the world. View the ILO's brochure, poster and inforgraphic on setting an ILO Agenda for Fair Migration.
'International Migration and Development in East Asia and the Pacific' analyzes the impact of migration on development in the EAP region and examines how international migration should be managed in East Asia in a way that supports development goals while simultaneously protecting the rights of migrants. The study covers trends in international migration in East Asia and overarching regional issues such as the links between macroeconomic management and remittances and the role of demographic trends in migration; the economic impact of migration and remittances on labor-sending countries and labor-receiving countries; and the policies and institutions that govern migration.
Forced labour in the production of electronic goods in Malaysia - A comprehensive Study of Scope and Characteristics
Verite - September 2014 - You might think about debt bondage in relation to making bricks in South Asia or building skyscrapers in the Middle East, not putting together the pieces of your newest mobile phone or laser printer in Malaysia. But if you are reading this on a tablet, smartphone or computer monitor, then you may be holding a product of forced labor. Verité’s two-year study of labor conditions in electronics manufacturing in Malaysia found that one in three foreign workers surveyed in Malaysian electronics was in a condition of forced labor. Because many of the most recognizable brands source components of their products from Malaysia, this means that virtually every device on the market today may have come in contact with modern-day slavery. Verité interviewed more than 500 male and female workers across all major producing regions, electronics products, and foreign worker nationalities. Malaysian nationals were also surveyed. The results of these extensive interviews indicate that forced labor is present in the Malaysian electronics industry in more than just isolated cases, and that the problem is indeed widespread. “Verité’s study is the most comprehensive look at forced labor in the Malaysian electronics sector to date,” Dan Viederman, CEO of Verité, remarked. “Our report provides a clear sense of the scope of the problem in the industry, as well as the root causes underlying this egregious form of abuse, which center on unlawful and unethical recruitment practices.” The report identifies the top factors responsible for making this sector prone to human rights abuses. According to Verité’s study, the widespread reliance on third-party agents for the recruitment, management and employment of foreign workers limits their protections and blurs accountability for labor conditions. Other top factors identified by the research as contributors to forced labor include unlawful passport retention, high and hidden recruitment fees resulting in widespread indebtedness that can trap workers in their jobs, deceptive recruitment practices, highly constrained freedom of movement, poor living conditions, fines and other penalties that prevent workers from being able to resign, and inadequate legal protections.
World Bank - Remittances to developing countries are expected to top $436 billion in 2014. Viet Nam is one of the top 10 recipients of remittances - receiving $11 billion in 2013. Check out this great infographic from the World Bank to learn more about migration and remittances: http://go.worldbank.org/KOOTCMQ2Q0
Lesson Plans on the History of Migration One of the goals of ASEAN (Association of South East Asia Nations) is “strengthening the regional social cohesion” and working towards social and economic integration throughout the region by 2015. As a sub-region of ASEAN, countries in the Mekong region have revised and updated school curriculums to reflect and include these goals. The Mekong Migration Network, together with the Foundation for Migrants from Mekong Neighbourhood, believes in the importance of social integration in achieving peaceful cohabitation in the region. MMN has been working with their partner members on a project entitled “Embracing Diversity” to explore the concept of living together. In this project, MMN has developed a set of four lesson plans on the history of migration. Designed for 10-12 year old children or students who are in 4th or 5th grade of primary school, the lessons aim to create acknowledgment among them that migration is a natural process of humankind and that we live in an interconnected global world. Through fun activities, interactive classroom discussions, and informative presentations, students will learn about the movement of people and the positive influences cultural diversity has upon our way of life. The lesson plans covers the following four topics: Lesson 1: Features of Migration Lesson 2: Migration on the Individual and Community Level Lesson 3: History of Migration in Greater Mekong Sub-Region Lesson 4: Global History of Migration. Each lesson is designed to take one hour. Each plan contains lesson objectives, layouts, and lists of reference materials to be used. They also include detailed breakdowns of each activity, including its steps, time, and teacher instructions. The lesson plans are available in English, Thai, Burmese, Khmer, Lao, Vietnamese and Japanese. Published October 2014.
Human Rights Watch "I Already Bought You" Abuse and Exploitation of Female Migrant Domestic Workers in the United Arab Emirates This 79-page report documents how the UAE’s visa sponsorship system, known as kafala, and the lack of labor law protections leave migrant domestic workers exposed to abuse. Domestic workers, most from Asia and Africa, cannot move to a new job before their contracts end without the employer’s consent, trapping many in abusive conditions. Labor-sending countries don’t fully protect the workers against deceptive recruitment practices or provide adequate assistance to abused nationals abroad.
The ability of the Bangladeshi Diaspora to adapt and become an integral part of their host community often makes people in Bangladesh feel that as their Diasporas age and take root in the host countries, their contribution to the country of origin declines. Findings from this study suggest that perception has been wrong. With enormous progress taking root across Bangladesh, the country has witnessed eagerness of its Diaspora to be a part of it. Bangladeshi Diaspora is uniquely positioned to contribute to boosting not only economic growth but also prosperity in other forms. Bangladeshi Diaspora has been making significant contributions in development of information communication technologies, promotion of education and training, and bringing some life-changing and quality enhancing innovations to Bangladesh.