The Royal Government of Cambodia and the Ministry of Labour and Vocational Training is pleased to launch the Labour Migration Policy for Cambodia 2015-2018. This Policy builds on the previous Policy on Labour Migration for Cambodia 2010-2015, expanding on the three main objectives of (1) formulation and implementation of rights-based and gender- sensitive policy and legislation through social dialogue at all levels; (2) protection and empowerment of men and women migrant workers regardless of their status through all stages of the migration process; and (3) harnessing labour migration and mobility to enhance social and economic development in Cambodia recognising that migrant workers are agents of innovation and development. The Policy includes clear goals related to migration and development, migration management and the protection of migrant workers, and specific actions designed to achieve these goals. The document also provides a structure for monitoring and evaluation of the implementation of the policy, filling an identified gap in the implementation of the previous policy.
This report is the first assessment of the efficacy of the complaints mechanism available to migrant workers, and explores the complexities facing workers and authorities when a complaint is lodged. Assessment of the Complaints Mechanism for Cambodian Migrant Workers presents the results of an assessment that considered the legislation and policy governing migrant worker complaints and the experiences of migrant workers and authorities in navigating the complaints system.
This publication series documents and consolidates the outputs of the regional meetings to better inform employers’ activities, and summarizes the position of employers’ on the priority issues on labour migration in the ASEAN region. It gives the context of these priority areas as well as the policy position papers agreed upon as a result of the regional workshops.
This Policy Brief considers skills supply and demand in ASEAN in relation to women migrant workers, making recommendations to policy-makers, development partners, social partners and civil society that can improve access for women to skills development opportunities and better jobs. With ASEAN economic integration planning to introduce freer movement of skilled labour, there is a need to standardize and recognize qualifications and skills across the region to ensure efficient and mutually beneficial labour migration.
International Labour Conference, 105th Session, 2016 General Survey concerning the migrant workers instruments Third item on the agenda: Information and reports on the application of Conventions and Recommendations Report of the Committee of Experts on the Application of Conventions and Recommendations (articles 19, 22 and 35 of the Constitution) Contents: The impact of the instruments; Difficulties and prospects for ratification; Achieving the potential of the instruments
This Guide offers policy-makers and administrators a guide for evaluating how labour migration policies work in practice, based on documented experiences in ASEAN and other parts of the world. It starts with assessing the outcomes of labour market tests used to determine whether the migrant workers requested by employers are really needed. The second section discusses the recruitment process, and ways to assess the effectiveness of policies in terms of better outcomes in matching workers with jobs, as well as minimizing the cost of recruitment. The third section focuses on protection and outlines methods to assess how policies protect the wages and working conditions of migrant workers and deal complaints filed with government agencies. The fourth section reviews evidence on the impacts of migration on destination and origin countries, including on incomes, productivity, and non-economic factors such as crime and congestion. The fifth section points out the conceptual and practical difficulties in evaluating the various consequences of labour migration and lays out practical steps that national authorities can take to improve labour market testing, recruitment, labour market monitoring, and assessment of the overall impact. A final section reviews the experience of Malaysia in managing the admission and employment of foreign workers, and what light past research sheds on its impact on the Malaysian labour market and economy as a whole.
This policy paper: (i) provides an overview of the global situation of social security provisions for domestic workers in 163 countries; (ii) analyses trends, policies and gaps in terms of legal and effective social security coverage for domestic workers; (iii) describes and analyses the configuration of social security schemes for domestic workers, such as their institutional organization, financing and administration; (iv) informs on challenges to extending coverage; and (v) provides a compilation and description of international practices of social security schemes for the domestic work sector, including comparative information.
This report was prepared by the V.V. Giri National Labour Institute, India, and researchers in the Philippines and Sri Lanka, in collaboration with the International Labour Organization (ILO), and completed in 2015. The study benefited from stakeholder inputs at the Technical Meeting on Labour Migration Structures and Financing in Asia, held on January 31, 2014 in New Delhi, India.
Protection of migrant workers in the recruitment and third party employment process: International standards and guiding principles given by the Private Employment Agencies Convention, 1997 (No. 181) and Private Employment Agencies Recommendation, 1997 (No. 188). The Private Employment Agencies Convention, 1997 (No. 181) and the Private Employment Agencies Recommendation, 1997 (No. 188) are legal instruments developed by the International Labour Organization’s (ILO) tripartite constituents (i.e., governments, employers, and workers) that set out the international minimum standards and guiding principles with regard to the regulation of private employment agencies and the protection of workers who use the services of these agencies. This booklet provides readers with information about the key provisions of Convention No. 181 and Recommendation No. 188. The information may be utilized by member States of the ILO to reinforce their efforts to regulate private employment agencies and protect migrant workers through the ratification of Convention No. 181 and the development of national legislation.
This report assesses the recent changes to labour migration policy in Malaysia and provides recommendations for further strengthening of the governance framework.
This report analyzes the institutions and structures that govern labor migration in Asia. It considers the important role of governments and other stakeholders in both labor-destination countries such as Japan, the Republic of Korea, and Singapore, and labor-sending countries such as India, the Philippines, and Sri Lanka. Key issues are the extent to which these structures provide an orderly process for the movement of people between countries and whether the rights and the welfare of workers are protected.
The Asia-Pacific Migration Report 2015: Migrants' Contributions to Development, produced by the Asia-Pacific Regional Thematic Working Group on International Migration, including Human Trafficking, provides an insight into how labour migration, the dominant migration trend in the Asia-Pacific region, can contribute to development in countries of origin and destination in the Asia-Pacific region. It reviews the main migration trends in the Asia-Pacific region; considers how migrants impact on GDP growth, employment, and wages in countries of destination; and considers how the positive impacts of migration can be maximized, while minimizing the negative trends. In general, it finds that migration is a benefit to countries of origin, destination, and migrants themselves; however, further contributions are hampered by the vulnerability of migrant workers to exploitation. It calls for migration policies and forms of international cooperation that are harmonized with development priorities and international human rights and labour standards to ensure that migration is a benefit for all.
Internal Labour Migration in Myanmar: Building an evidence-base on patterns in migration, human trafficking and forced labour
This report presents the results of a survey conducted in mid-2015 among 7,295 internal labour migrants across all 14 states/regions in Myanmar. The respondents were interviewed about jobs in 13 industries in the private sector, including construction, mining, agriculture, manufacturing, fishing, forestry, domestic work and others. Analysis of the survey data points to patterns in the recruitment, migration, working and living conditions among respondents, as well as indicators of abuse and exploitation imposed on workers by employers and recruiters.
The Tripartite Action to Protect the Rights of Migrants Workers within and from the Greater Mekong Sub-region (the GMS TRIANGLE project) aims to strengthen the formulation and implementation of recruitment and labour protection policies and practices, to ensure safer migration resulting in decent work. The project is operational in six countries: Cambodia, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Malaysia, Myanmar, Thailand and Viet Nam. In each country, tripartite constituents (government, workers’ and employers’ organizations) are engaged in each of the GMS TRIANGLE project objectives - strengthening policy and legislation, building capacity of stakeholders and providing services to migrant workers. These goals are interdependent, with policy advocacy and capacity building activities driven by the voices, needs and experiences of workers, employers and service providers.
Domestic Work Policy Brief no. 9 This document is part of a series of briefs on issues and approaches to promoting decent work for domestic workers. This policy brief seeks to: - Highlight the trends of migration for domestic work and the specific needs and vulnerabilities of migrant domestic workers; - Identify the main issues and challenges in improving the governance of labour migration policy for this specific category of workers; - Present some emerging practices in addressing these challenges throughout the migration cycle.
This document is part of a series of briefs on issues and approaches to promoting decent work for domestic workers.
Analytical report on the international labour migration statistics database in ASEAN: Improving data collection for evidence-based policy-making
The report provides a broad-based quantitative analysis of the current and emerging trends in international labour migration into, from, and among the ten Member States of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN). The report analyses some of the most common drivers underpinning these trends and argues that labour migration is likely to increase within the region over the short and medium term. The report’s key findings are drawn from the national level data collected through the International Labour Organization’s (ILO) International Labour Migration Statistics (ILMS) Database in ASEAN. Its recommendations draw upon these findings as well as the available meta-data, to identify solutions and key directions for building a stronger evidence base to help improve policies on international labour migration in ASEAN.
The ILO undertook this study with the Global Alliance Against Trafficking in Women (GAATW). It explores whether Nepal’s age ban deterred younger women from migrating for domestic work and improved working conditions for women migrant domestic workers over 30 years of age. It also explores to what extent the age ban and other bans have had unintended consequences for women, including an increase in irregular migration and trafficking in persons. Finally, it highlights steps the women themselves propose be taken to improve their migration experiences.