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'Sexual assaults': Bangladesh seeks worker's return from Saudi

Aljazeera, Bangladesh, 3 November 2019 - Bangladesh government has called for a migrant worker's repatriation from Saudi Arabia after her video alleging sexual abuse highlighted the exploitation faced by Asians working abroad.

Posted by Site Admin at Nov 05, 2019 07:55 PM |
Spotlight: Immersed in grief, Vietnam mulls over preventing relapse of migrant death tragedy

Xin Hua Net, Vietnam, 3 November 2019 - After British authorities' confirmation of Vietnamese victims among the 39 dead in Essex lorry, organizations and individuals in Vietnam have dug into underlying causes of illegal immigration, as well as measures to bolster labor export management and combat human trafficking, so as not to repeat the tragedy.

Posted by Site Admin at Nov 05, 2019 07:49 PM |
Taipei migrant workers demand abolition of exploitive broker system

Taiwan News, Taiwan, 3 November 2019 - Approximately 100 migrant workers protested outside the representative offices of three Southeast Asian countries at 11 a.m. on Sunday (Nov. 3), demanding a statement on intergovernmental direct recruitment.

Posted by Site Admin at Nov 05, 2019 07:47 PM |
Embassy warns migrant workers over fake news

Khmer Times, Thailand, 1 November 2019 - The Cambodian embassy in Thailand yesterday advised migrant workers there to continue working as normal and ignore fake news spread online that there is an influx of them coming home to coincide with Sam Rainsy’s planned return to the Kingdom this month.

Posted by Site Admin at Nov 05, 2019 07:43 PM |
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Resources
Cultural Exchange or Cheap Housekeeper? Findings of a National Survey of Au Pairs in Australia (2018)

This report presents the first comprehensive study of living and working conditions of au pairs in Australia. It draws on responses from 1,479 au pairs across 34 nationalities to an online survey in 2017. The study seeks to provide an evidence base to indicate the contours and variety of au pair experiences across this country. The concept of au pairing has arisen informally in Australia as a version of a European tradition where young women spent a year-long cultural exchange with a host family in a different European country, learning a foreign language and earning ‘pocket money’ while undertaking light childcare duties. It seems likely that the use of au pairs by Australian families has increased in recent years. Media reports have revealed both the growing dependence of families on au pairs as a source of flexible and affordable childcare, and the risk of au pairs’ exposure to exploitative working conditions. However, there is no official au pair program, dedicated visa, or even any official guidelines for families or au pairs, and so we lack even an agreed definition about what an au pair is. The cornerstone of au pairing, in popular culture around the world, and as it is promoted by Australian au pair agencies which facilitate placements, is that it is a ‘cultural exchange’ where au pairs are hosted as part of a family. Accordingly, Australian agencies, industry associations and matching websites carefully distinguish au pairs from live-in nannies or housekeepers in ongoing employment. They often use the term ‘pocket money’ or ‘stipend’ to describe their pay and most stipulate that au pairs undertake mainly childcare-focused tasks, including cooking for, cleaning up after and driving children, rather than regular domestic work for the whole household. However, the distinction between cultural exchange and work (if it was ever observed in practice) appears to be breaking down. Courts in Ireland and New Zealand have ruled that au pairing constitutes employment. In Australia, select agencies have explicitly pegged au pairs’ remuneration to legal minimum wage rates in Australia. Critically, because au pairing is an informal arrangement, very little is known about the day-to-day experiences of au pairs in this country, or how prevalent this practice is. One government agency adopted an estimate of 10,000 au pairs in Australia in 2013. Despite press interest in the apparent upsurge of au pairs in this country, almost no empirical research has investigated the living and working conditions of au pairs in Australia, how they arrange their placement or which visas they hold during their stay. Still less is known about how experiences vary between different cohorts, such as nationality groups, host families’ locations, and au pairs who use agencies to arrange their placements as compared with other means. This study begins to fill these gaps. It reveals participants’ demographic profile (including nationality and visa used while au pairing in Australia), the characteristics of their first au pair placement (including tasks they performed in the home, rates of pay and hours), problems they encountered in Australia and how they sought assistance to resolve these, and their motivations for au pairing, benefits gained and overall appraisal of their experience, including whether they considered the experience to be closer to a cultural exchange or to work. The survey was conducted online between November 2016 and April 2017, in four languages in addition to English. The survey was anonymous and open to any individual who had been an au pair in Australia.

Posted by Site Admin at Nov 01, 2019 12:00 AM |
INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION IN ASIA AND THE PACIFIC

International migration is an essential element of economic integration. Yet, the intraregional movement of people and labor in Asia and the Pacific has stagnated in recent years even as the flow of goods, services, and investment have steadily risen. This paper examines key factors driving the movement of people from and within the region using bilateral international migrant stock data. Our analysis shows that commonly known determinants such as income differences; population size; and political, geographical, and cultural proximities between the migrant source and destination countries are associated with greater movement, along with the growing share of older population in destination economies and the similarities in the level of educational attainment. The paper also finds that crossborder migration is affected, in varied directions, by the degree of economic integration between the source and destination economies, especially through bilateral trade and value chain links. The offshoring of production—and hence jobs and other economic opportunities—to migrant source countries suppresses outmigration, but the expected rise in the source country income will eventually promote migration by relaxing financial constraints.

Posted by Site Admin at Oct 01, 2019 12:00 AM |
Session 3: Presentation - Labour Mobility in Pacific Island Countries

Posted by Site Admin at Jul 24, 2019 12:00 AM |
Implementation of recommendations from the 3rd to 10th ASEAN Forum on Migrant Labour (AFML)

The AFML is an open platform for the review, discussion, and exchange of ideas and best practices among governments, workers’, and employers’ organizations, and civil society actors on key issues facing migrant workers in ASEAN. Participants of the AFML develop recommendations to advance the implementation of the ASEAN Declaration on the Protection and Promotion of the Rights of Migrant Workers. This document is the fourth in a series of background papers, biennially prepared by the ILO TRIANGLE in ASEAN programme, that track the progress of ASEAN stakeholders in implementing recommendations adopted at previous AFMLs. This paper was presented at the 11th AFML held from 29 - 30 October 2018 in Singapore. The first, second, and third background papers were presented respectively at the 5th, 7th, and 9th AFMLs.

Posted by Site Admin at Jul 22, 2019 12:00 AM |
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