Open Democracy - 14 August 2015 - Victimisation of women is still dominant in policies and discourse on trafficking. Could a gendered approach that accounts for the structural factors creating women’s vulnerabilities effectively challenge this?
Astro Awani - 12 August 2015 - The Malaysian Trade Union Congress (MTUC) wants the government to stop bringing in the proposed 1.5 million Bangladeshi workers
Daily Mail - 14 August 2015 - In a small, farming district in Indonesia's West Nusa Tenggara province, thousands of women leave home each year to cook, clean and take care of children for families in the Middle East.
Issue Paper: Fair recruitment in international labour migration between Asia and the Gulf Cooperation Council Labour migration from Asia to the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) States represents one of the fastest growing and most dynamic labour flows in the world. While migration to these wealthy States provides higher wages for the workers, fills labour shortages in the destination country, and provides the origin country with lucrative foreign exchange remittances, the complicated and expensive processes associated with migrating for work have created a regime which lends itself to exploitative recruitment and working conditions for migrant workers. This paper was prepared for the ILO Regional Offices for Arab States and for Asia the Pacific, Realizing a Fair Migration Agenda: Labour Flows between Asia and Arab States Experts Meeting, held in Kathmandu in December 2014. The paper provides an overview of the international labour standards on recruitment, and current practices in countries of origin and destination, in particular the role that private recruitment agencies play. The main issues for achieving a fair migration system are analysed, including the political economy behind recruitment, and the potential to make international labour recruitment fair and transparent. The report concludes by putting forward a number of recommendations related to legislation and enforcement, expanding recruitment options beyond private enterprises, empowering powers to realise their rights, and promotion of fair business standards and practices.
Issue Paper: Promoting international cooperation and partnerships in addressing labour migration between Asia and the Gulf Cooperation Council countries Labour migration from Asia to the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) States represents one of the fastest growing and most dynamic labour flows in the world. While migration to these wealthy states provides higher wages for the workers, fills labour shortages for the destination country, and provides the origin country with lucrative foreign exchange remittances, abuses in the recruitment and living and working conditions of these migrant workers have been well-documented, and are of concern to a large number of stakeholders, both in origin and destination countries, in the private sector, and among trade unions and civil society partners. This paper was prepared for the ILO Regional Offices for Arab States and for Asia the Pacific, Realizing a Fair Migration Agenda: Labour Flows between Asia and Arab States Experts Meeting, held in Kathmandu in December 2014. The paper highlights the importance of cooperation among the many stakeholders involved in international labour migration and the forms of cooperation that have been implemented in the two regions. Best practices and areas for improvement of bilateral labour agreements (BLAs) and Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) are presented. The paper also discusses the relative progressive that trade union agreements have made in the area of improving fair migration, with cases from South and South-East Asia and the Arab States analysed. The paper concludes with a series of recommendations.
This particular study was undertaken based on discussions held during a meeting of the South Asia Forum of Employers (SAFE) on 3-4 October 2013 in New Delhi, India. The Bangladesh Employers’ Federation (BEF), taking the lead from the SAFE discussions, collaborated with ILO for this study. The study researched the reasons behind migration, the costs and benefits of migration, and impacts of migration on origin and destination countries, by reviewing theories and existing empirical studies. To understand the key research question of impact of migration on employers, an exploratory approach is used. Our objective is to understand the targeted respondents’ opinion better to do more rigorous research in future. Mostly open ended questions are used for this purpose. Guided by this research we can attempt to quantify responses to statistically inferable data. Based on review of existing literature and survey, policies are recommended for government, employers and employees.
Click here to become a member of the Asia-Pacific Migration Network and stay up to date with the latest migration developments in the region and beyond. Once a member, you can connect instantly with over 400 migration practitioners and share your organization's news, events and resources with the network.